In addition, an independent physician must be consulted to review the case, and every step must be documented. Other arguments for physician-assisted suicide are expressed in utilitarian and duty-oriented terms.
This is a case at least in any code of ethics, which is humanistic or personalistic, i. Duty-oriented terms focus primarily on personal autonomy. While there is strong support for physician-assisted suicide there is also strong opposition. Those who argue against physician-assisted suicide hold arguments such as the sanctity of life, potential for.
Physician Assisted Suicide By: Join now to read essay Physician Assisted Suicide Physician Assisted Suicide Physician assisted suicide is an issue that has been debated over for many years. He feels, it is harder morally to justify letting someone die a slow and ugly death, dehumanized, that it is to justify helping him to escape from such misery. It is a highly controversial issue since many people consider it a killing while many others support it as mercy killing.
Writing thesis on euthanasia is a vast area of study to cover. What you need to do first is to focus on one area of euthanasia thesis writing topics. There is a plenty of choice to write on euthanasia thesis. You can find your euthanasia thesis writing ideas and topics from the following list:. It is your thesis research that will make your euthanasia thesis great and impressive.
For research purpose, you can use the following ways:. The main argument against legalization is that human life is sacred, and it is not a human right to take it away. Some say that there is no need for suicide, because health care should resolve all problems and pain management has come a long way. Most people who commit suicide suffer from depression, so it is often debated whether this could be the reason for someone wanting assisted suicide. Often, when their depression is treated, the patient responds well, and would like to live.
A regular physician cannot make the determination of whether a patient is suffering from depression. This is something that is difficult to diagnose in terminally ill patients. Just because a patient request suicide does not mean this will be an appropriate solution.
Sometimes, a patient may even request suicide, but when the time draws near, they change their mind because it did not seem so imminent before.
The will to request the suicide must be voluntary, but this decision is left up to the physician. How can a physician judge whether it is voluntary or not? It is also difficult to determine what terminal is.
When people say that it should be reserved for people who are terminally ill, they cannot define it. It is used to mean someone whose death will occur in a relatively short time. Some people may say that if they will die in 6 months it is considered terminal, but it is difficult to determine exactly how long someone has to live. They may live much longer than that. A person could also be terminal who is in a vegitative state, but will live for years in that state with continued medicine.
People cannot reach an agreement on what the definition of terminal would be, some even say old age is terminal. Activists of euthanasia use the demonstration that suicide is the only means to control unbearable pain.
Most pain is supposed to be able to be eliminated, or greatly reduced. Many people do not get enough pain control. Also, too much pain medication can cause symptoms that may be worse than the disease was itself. One source says that "patients and physicians alike may be unaware of the options available in the medical system, including advances in pain control that could help patients but are not routinely provided.
There may be no solution to these problems, but some things can be done. Better health care education, more access to health care, and informing patients of their rights. Patients should get adequate health care, and not killed. Physicians argue that if good care of the dying is being provided, then a request for suicide would be rare. Some patients may want to consider suicide, but are incapable of administering medicine.
Some people may also lose their mental capabilities, and will be unable to request it. It is difficult to assess fairness in cases like these. Some people use a form of advance directive and make their request before deterioration occurs.
It is hard to extend the same rights to all patients without causing abuse. If someone is unable to communicate their request, it would be frightening for someone to make that decision for them and to say that their life is not worth living, so we must kill them. There is great potential for abuse if it were to be legalized.
Depressed people, elderly, and very frightened people would be greatly affected. People may feel pressured into giving up.
Elderly are especially vulnerable to this. Now that there are more people living longer, this problem will increase. They may tend to feel they are a burden on their families, or are selfishly consuming resources. If a physician advocates it, they also may be swayed. People may also feel distrustful of the physician's advice.
This may cause a hardship in getting appropriate care. Legalization will only encourage more people to take part in it. It does not seem as if we would be ready for this to occur, because we are only just beginning to explore some realms of the medical world.
It took a long time to figure out about adequate care for many patients and when is the right time to withdraw life support, so it would not seem that we would be ready for this step. The "slippery slope" argument is used by opponents, saying that legalization will lead to involuntary euthanasia. My own opinion is that if assisted suicide were legalized, we may not be as inclined to advance medical progress and knowlege.
They may not use their experience to increase what we know about medicine and learn how to help the illness, or better cope with it. Proponents have said that euthanasia should be considered "medical treatment. Then it may be more likely to be administered to people who cannot make the request. Some decisions that have gone to court say that assisted suicide is a constitutional right and that someone else can make the decision for the patient.
It seems to be inevitable that patient are going to be killed without permission if legalization occurs, even with rules about consent. The main argument of how abuse of the practice could occur is called the "slippery slope argument. Another potential form of abuse lies in the fact that it would be cheaper to euthanize a patient than to continue medical treatment. It is thought that it could become a means of health care cost containment.
Some of the main supporters of euthanasia are people concerned about lowering health care costs. Religion has caused many people to debate it.
Most churches are adamantly opposed to the idea of suicide. However, some Christians believe that God would not want them to suffer. It is believed that there is a difference between killing and letting die. Someone who is against euthanasia may agree with letting someone die who is being kept alive solely by life support that is not really helping them. The more accepted approach does not involve killing.
Another matter of intent distiction regards what is called the "double effect. The patient would be in pain without it, but it may cause death if it is administered. It is allowed if the death is foreseen but not intended, because it is the intent that makes it wrong.
Although suicide is no longer a crime, giving assistance in it is, everywhere except for Switzerland, Germany, Norway, and Uraguay. In Australia, a law was passed that allows terminally ill patients to ask for assistance by injection or taking drugs themselves.
Some of these are that the patient must be ruled competent, and two doctors must conclude that the patient has less than 6 months to live. They are having problems with it, mainly with abuse. The physicians there have reported that the main reasons people request it are "low quality of life, the relatives, inability to cope, and no prospect for improvement. I think that the potential for abuse here may be great, because it is getting out of hand over there.
People are becoming afraid to go to hospitals because euthanasia is becoming so commonplace. In , the state of Oregon passed a ballot that gives limited physician-assisted suicide legality.
This makes it the first in the nation to do so. A doctor must determine the patient has less than six months to live. A second doctor must decide that they are mentally competent and not suffering from depression. The patient must request it in writing with two witnesses, and then 48 hours before the doctor delivers the prescription the request must be repeated orally.
However, those jugements are left to the physician. So far, it has never been put into action. Other states are considering similar legislation, such as California which has proposed a law that is similar to the guidelines that the Dutch have adopted. Circuit Courts of Appeals that laws prohibiting physician-assisted suicide are unconstitutional.
The legal fate will be determined by the Supreme Court.
Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong SOC May 9, Physician Assisted Suicide, Is it Right or Wrong? The ethical issues of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) are both emotional and controversial, as it ranks right up there with abortion.
Physician Assisted Suicide: Right to Life or Right to Death? Introduction. In the Death with Dignity Act was implemented in the state of Oregon. This piece of legislation enables a competent adult who desires to end their life access to a lethal dose of medication.
Physician assisted suicide is an issue that has been debated over for many years. Many argue that people have the right to die by any means possible while others argue that human life should be held in high regard and protected at all costs.4/4(1). Physician- assisted suicide Abstract Reported cases of suicide due to terminal illness have been on the rise. Today, there are several terminal diseases that plague our community.
SAMPLE ARGUMENTATION ESSAY Research Question: Should assisted suicide be legal? Assisted Suicide: Rights and Responsibilities A woman suffering from cancer became the first person known to die under the law on physician-assisted suicide in the state of Oregon when she took a . Physician-assisted suicide. The state of Oregon is the only state to have legalized the practice. The Supreme Court has ruled that considerations of neither due process nor equal protection compel states to allow the practice and that the Department of Justice may not prosecute Oregon physicians who participate in Physician-assisted suicide.