Maybe I am being a little to 'meta' about all this. The purpose of psychology is to explore, to describe and to explain how and why a person thinks, feels and acts. Exploratory research is defined as the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea.
This is where a researcher has an idea or has observed something and seeks to understand more about it. An exploratory research project is an attempt to lay the groundwork that will lead to future studies or to determine if what is being observed might be explained by a currently existing theory.
Most often, exploratory research lays the initial groundwork for future research. To make this a little more understandable, imagine you are blindfolded or placed into a room without light. You are not told if something is in the room, but you have a suspicion there is something in there. You shuffle out slowly into the room, exploring with the tips of your fingers until you find something. Exploratory research can come in two big forms: A new topic is often unexpected and startling in its findings.
For example, American psychologist John Watson really began his behaviorism research with a new topic on the study of human behaviors and learning: Because humans have brains and rats have brains, it makes a certain kind of sense. There was an attempt to find the universal laws of learning in all brains. New angles can come from new ways of looking at things, either from a theoretical perspective or a new way of measuring something. For instance, computers have allowed large populations to be looked at.
Old experiments can now involve thousands of people from around the globe instead of a few people from the local train station. Once the groundwork is established, the newly explored field needs more information. The next step is descriptive research , defined as attempts to explore and explain while providing additional information about a topic. This is where research is trying to describe what is happening in more detail, filling in the missing parts and expanding our understanding.
This is also where as much information is collected as possible instead of making guesses or elaborate models to predict the future - the 'what' and 'how,' rather than the 'why. Remember that room you're blind in? Descriptive research is the act of exploring the thing in the dark, creating a fuller picture of what you are looking at. You begin to fill in what you know with what you find. We now have the clearest picture in all of history of the thinking, living brain.
Just a few decades ago, a person who wanted to look at a living brain had two options: Both options are better than a century ago, where you kind of had to wait for someone to die to examine their brain. Research over the last few decades has been expanding our understanding, providing descriptions of the active processes in the brain. One field that is quickly growing is the field of forensic psychology.
Over the last few decades, studies exploring the decision making process of police officers, the techniques used to question witnesses and the jury processes are all being examined. There has been an active interest in many researchers to explore the field that the judicial system needs. For instance, looking into eyewitness memory studies reveals research explaining and describing the factors that influence what people see. For example, did you know that a person with different lights shining at different angles on a person's face can alter a person's entire look, including their ethnicity?
How about that, even in broad daylight, people still get gender of perpetrators and victims mixed up? Get FREE access for 5 days, just create an account. We began exploring something new with exploratory research. Then, we conducted descriptive research to increase our knowledge of it. Lastly, we need to explain it. Explanatory research is defined as an attempt to connect ideas to understand cause and effect, meaning researchers want to explain what is going on.
Explanatory research looks at how things come together and interact. This research does not occur until there is enough understanding to begin to predict what will come next with some accuracy. The person in the dark has fully explored the elephant and understands what it looks like.
Now, the process of 'how did it get here' and 'where is it going next' comes into play. This often requires imaginative studies, more so than just touching an elephant in the dark. Explanatory research never really ends because new ideas, techniques and information are constantly increasing. This is sort of like, 'the more you know, the more you realize you need to learn. For instance, there was a time in psychology that everyone who was anyone was a behaviorist.
As time went on, the field kept running into the 'black box' a term given to the ephemeral mind. Over time, the field of behaviorism went into a sidetrack and developed into the study of cognition and neural processes. Exploratory research can also end when something has been sufficiently explained to be incorrect. For instance, the study of phrenology, or the measuring of bumps on the head to determine your personality and characteristics, was discovered to be a garbage theory.
Explanatory research is typically concerned with understanding the relationship between things and how they are in the past and the future. This often takes the form of a quantitative approach so that statistical tests can be conducted. Due to the large number of experiments occurring, pinpointing a single researcher or study is difficult.
However, examples of explanatory research include examining the neural development and degradation of drug addicts, as well as the effects of lifestyle on IQ tests in adults and children. Each of these has a great deal of studies behind it, and the current researchers are attempting to pinpoint the exact cause-and-effect relationships between the variables involved.
Exploratory research is the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea. It is the first step in learning about something. Somebody gets a new idea in their head, and it leads research in a new direction. Next, is descriptive research , which provides more elaborate descriptions and information. Descriptive research helps fill in the research community's understanding of the initial exploratory studies.
Last is explanatory research , which attempts to connect ideas to understand cause and effect. This occurs when researchers are beginning to understand what they are looking at and trying to create models of cause and effect. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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Exploratory research takes place when problems are in a preliminary stage. Exploratory research is flexible and can address research questions of all types what, why, how. Exploratory research is often used to generate formal hypotheses. Shields and Tajalli link exploratory research with the conceptual framework working hypothesis. Exploratory research or formulative research Descriptive research  Causal research also referred to as explanatory research  Exploratory research or formulative research: There are two research methods for exploring the cause and effect relationship between variables: A Playbook for Research Methods: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project management .
See chapter Five for an extensive discussion of exploratory research. Schutt, "Investigating the Social World," 5th ed. The Practice of Social Research. Journal of Public Affairs Education , Vol. Journal of Advertising Research. Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Project Management.
See Chapter four for an extensive discussion of descriptive research. Empirical Political Analysis 8th edition. Hence, different organizations have tried to enhance their own particular request satisfaction by bench-marking L. The Explanatory Research allows the researcher to provide the deep insight into a specific subject, which gives birth to more subjects and provides more opportunities for the researchers to study new things and questions new things.
Exploratory researchers are normally led when an issue is not obviously characterized. It permits the agent to familiarize with the issue or idea to be examined, and conceivably create theories meaning of theory to be tried. Research can be immensely valuable for social research. They are vital when an agent is breaking new ground and they ordinarily convey new data about a point for research.
The explanatory research is such type of research which is a pillar of the other type of researchers. Muhammad Yousaf is mentoring new students to win scholarships for a long time.
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Explanatory research is defined as an attempt to connect ideas to understand cause and effect, meaning researchers want to explain what is going on. Explanatory research looks at .
Explanatory Research is the conducted for a problem which was not well researched before, demands priorities, generates operational definitions and provides a better-researched model. It is actually a type of research design which focuses on explaining the aspects of your study in a detailed manner.
The term explanatory research implies that the research in question is intended to explain, rather than simply to describe, the phenomena studied. This type of research has had a contested history in qualitative inquiry, and divergent views of the. Causal research, also known as explanatory research is conducted in order to identify the extent and nature of cause-and-effect relationships. Causal research can be conducted in order to assess impacts of specific changes on existing norms, various processes etc.
Other examples of explanatory research are studies that try to explain why a particular social phenomenon occurs. A study that attempts to explain why pedestrians exhibit unsafe behavior is considered explanatory research because it seeks to find causes that are associated with the behavior. What is explanatory research? Explanatory research is an attempt to connect different ideas and to understand the different reasons, causes and their effects. Mostly the research is start from exploratory research, then descriptive research and then explanatory research.