When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. These OWL resources will help you conduct research using primary source methods, such as interviews and observations, and secondary source methods, such as books, journals, and the Internet.
This area also includes materials on evaluating research sources. These OWL resources will help you use the research you have conducted in your documents.
This area includes material on quoting and paraphrasing your research sources, as well as material on how to avoid plagiarism. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.
This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster. This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Purdue Online Writing Lab. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Select the "Profile updates" option from the Actions menu.
Choose the automatic updates setting and click "Update settings". Your profile will be automatically updated when Google Scholar is updated. This setting only controls the updates to your list of articles. It does not control the updates to your "Cited by" counts and citation metrics - those are always updated to reflect the current state of the web. To add a missing article to your profile, select the "Add" option from the Actions menu.
Then, either search for the article or enter its bibliographic data by hand. Choose the confirmation email setting and click "Update settings". When we identify suitable updates for your profile, we'll send you an email message so that you can review and apply the updates. You don't need to do anything. Automated updates will not make changes to an article that you have edited. This happens when the Google Scholar search index changes, and it now considers this entry a duplicate of some other article in your profile.
This could happen, e. We recommend that you accept this suggestion. You can, of course, choose to keep duplicate entries in your profile, but only one of them will be counted towards your citation metrics. This happens when the Google Scholar search index has changed, and we have been unable to match an article in your profile with the new index.
Most of the time, this is because it was considered to be a duplicate of some other article in your profile, but we weren't able to determine which one. Occasionally, the article may have been removed from Google Scholar entirely, e. If the same article is indeed listed multiple times, you can safely accept the suggestion to delete the unmatched entry. However, if it isn't a duplicate entry, you can choose to keep it in your profile.
Though, since it is not matched in Google Scholar, its "Cited by" count will be zero. Note that your decision to keep an unmatched entry in your profile will not reinstate the entry in Google Scholar.
See the inclusion guidelines for help on including your articles in Google Scholar. It's right here , and also under the button labeled "My Citations" in the upper right of Google Scholar pages. If you are not logged into your Google account, please login before you click on "My Citations". If you have multiple Google accounts, you will need to log into the account that you used to create your profile.
To export all articles from your profile, choose the "Export" option from the Actions menu. To export specific articles, select the desired articles and then choose the "Export" option. You can pick the format for the exported articles using the menu on the export page.
Fill in her name and email address in the form on the right sidebar of your profile, and click "Send invitation". She will then need to open her email and click the invitation link to set up her profile. If you would like to add her to your list of co-authors, select the "Inviting co-author" checkbox when you send the invitation.
Once she accepts your invitation and creates her profile, a link to it will appear in your list of co-authors. Click the "Add homepage" link. Add the URL for your homepage and click "Save". The best way to fix it depends on whether the problem appears when you search Google Scholar, or only when you view your profile. First, try to reproduce the problem in regular Google Scholar search results. If your article is listed incorrectly there, or if you believe its "Cited by" count is off, then refer to the inclusion guidelines.
Chances are that you need to talk to your publisher to have it corrected. If, however, the problem is specific to your profile, and does not affect normal Google Scholar search results, then please do let us know the details.
Overview Setup Citations Updates Questions. Google Scholar Citations Google Scholar Citations provide a simple way for authors to keep track of citations to their articles.
Setting up your profile How do I create my author profile? First, sign to your Google account, or create one if you don't yet have one. We recommend that you use a personal account, not an account at your employer, so that you can keep your profile for as long as you wish. Once you've signed in to your Google account, the Citations sign up form will ask you to confirm the spelling of your name, and to enter your affiliation, interests, etc. We recommend that you also enter your university email address which would make your profile eligible for inclusion in Google Scholar search results.
On the next page, you'll see groups of articles written by people with names similar to yours. Click "Add all articles" next to each article group that is yours, or "See all articles" to add specific articles from that group.
If you don't see your articles in these groups, click "Search articles" to do a regular Google Scholar search, and then add your articles one at a time. Feel free to do as many searches as you like.
Once you're done with adding articles, it will ask you what to do when the article data changes in Google Scholar. You can either have the updates applied to your profile automatically, or you can choose to review them beforehand. In either case, you can always go to your profile and make changes by hand. Finally, you will see your profile. This is a good time to add a few finishing touches - upload your professional looking photo, visit your university email inbox and click on the verification link, double check the list of articles, and, once you're completely satisfied, make your profile public.
Voila - it's now eligible to appear in Google Scholar when someone searches for your name! Some of my articles are not in my profile. How do I add missing articles? Some of the articles in my profile aren't mine. Why are they included in my profile?
I deleted one of the articles in my profile by mistake. How do I fix this? The description of one of my articles isn't correct. How do I fix it? The list of "Scholar articles" at the bottom of the page may no longer match the article you've edited. We recommend that you review this list and "unmerge" the Scholar articles that no longer correspond to your article. Scholar articles affect the computation of your "Cited by" counts and citation metrics.
As with manual additions of articles, it may take several days for all citations to the edited article to be collected in your profile.
You can speed up the process by adding the appropriate article from Google Scholar and then merging it with your version; then, your citation metrics will update right away. It's possible that the article you've edited was already in your profile as a separate record. My profile shows the same article twice. I merged a version with 27 citations with the one with 4 citations. How come the merged article has 30 citations - shouldn't it be 31? How do I see what my profile will look like to others before I make it public?
I have changed my mind about making my profile public. How do I make it private again? My profile is already public. Is there anything else I need to do to make it available for inclusion in Google Scholar search results?
Exploring citations to your articles How do I see the list of citations to one of my articles? Click the "Cited by" number for the article. How do I see the citation graph for one of my articles? Click the title of the article. How do I get notified about new citations to my articles? How do I get notified about new citations to a specific article?
Why is the "Cited by" count for one of my articles crossed out? I like other citation metrics. Do you plan to add the g-index or the e-index? Or maybe average citations per article? The number of citations to one of my articles is too low. I know of several articles citing it that are not included in the list of citations. What I can do to help fix this?
Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke ).
Formatting a Research Paper If your instructor has specific requirements for the format of your research paper, check them before preparing your final draft. When you submit your paper, be sure to keep a secure copy.
Proper in-text citations within a research or term paper can make the difference between a passing and failing grade, as failure to provide proper in-text citations . Unpublished conference paper Like a normal conference proceedings, we want to include the name of the entire proceedings, and if there is a specific presentation or paper being cited, include this information as well. We also want to include conference information (name of conference, date, and location) if not [ ].
Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own. If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. It is easy to cite your source in-text and there are many ways to do it. It all depends on how many authors or creators the source. This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster Chicago Manual of Style This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.