The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know.
Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. Here are 18 bonus AP Language vocabulary terms that, while not absolutely essential to your success on the exam, will be very helpful. They identify some common but obscurely named rhetorical techniques and some additional rhetorical and argumentative strategies. You might be tempted to bust out some flashcards, do some aggressive memorization, and call yourself finished. You could make physical flashcards if you like to learn things with a tactile element involved, but for the sake of convenience you might consider making online flashcards at a site like Quizlet, where a free account lets you make and save flash cards and then quiz yourself with a variety of games and strategies.
Next, you need to work on identifying rhetorical strategies and devices in actual written works. Make an effort when you read to seek out examples of the different rhetorical techniques at work. And think about the larger context of the piece: Is the speaker the same as the author? What genre is it? What devices are being used repeatedly? You might try jotting down your thoughts about how pieces you read are using rhetorical devices. Consider your own purpose and argument when you write.
Deploy hyperbole and irony. Trying to apply the terms will help you learn the concepts much better than simple memorization. There are so many rhetorical terms that it can be hard to determine which ones you need to know for AP Language and Composition! The important thing is to understand the concepts, not just know the terms! Looking for practice tests?
Or see our guide to finding the best AP practice tests for any exam. We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:. Ellen has extensive education mentorship experience and is deeply committed to helping students succeed in all areas of life. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks:. How to Get a Perfect , by a Perfect Scorer.
Score on SAT Math. Score on SAT Reading. Score on SAT Writing. What ACT target score should you be aiming for? Posted by Ellen McCammon May 2, 9: Essential AP Language and Composition Terms The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know.
Essential Rhetorical Analysis Terms Terms. Explaining something complex by comparing it to something more simple. The combination of reasons, evidence, etc that an author uses to convince an audience of their position. Too comprehensive a concept for a single example! In effective rhetoric, every phrase serves to further build the argument. Three different methods of appealing to an audience to convince them—ethos, logos, and pathos.
An essay prompt refers to the specific topical article a student has to analyze and synthesize in order to come up with analytical pieces as one whole. It is important to remember the essay structure and essay grading rubric to succeed. A student can either develop a high-scoring essay, a mid-range essay, or a complete failure essay low-scoring piece.
This article focuses on the winning exam scenario. The rubric will look this way in case you are interested in hitting the highest score points:. Keep in touch with the process with the help of special learning mobile phone apps. Download some helpful writing apps to get ready! Be ready to work on 3 essays. A couple of pieces should evaluate the offered literary text. A student will need to read the attached poem, narration, mini story, or essay by a famous American author to succeed.
One more assignment requires responding to a given prompt the writer had to observe before the exam. A student will face:. If the teachers make it possible, try to add a bit of fun to your responses. Students are asked to consider the assertion, and then form an argument that defends, challenges, or qualifies the assertion using supporting evidence from their own knowledge or reading. The multiple-choice section is scored by computer. No points were taken away for blank answers.
The free-response section is scored individually by hundreds of educators each June. Each essay is assigned a score from , 9 being high. Scoring is holistic, meaning that specific elements of the essay are not assessed, but each essay is scored in its entirety.
The scores from the three essays are added and integrated with the adjusted multiple-choice score using appropriate weights of each section to generate a composite score. The composite is then converted into an AP score of using a scale for that year's exam.
Students generally receive their scores by mail in mid-July of the year they took the test. Alternately, they can receive their scores by phone as early as July 1 for a fee. AP instructors receive a score sheet showing the individual score for each of their students, as well as some score information and national averages. The College Board has released information on the composite score range out of required to obtain each grade: With the addition of the synthesis essay in , the scoring tables were revised to account for the new essay type in Section II of the test.
In , there was a change in the multiple choice portion of the exam. Questions began to be included about documentation and citation.
These questions are based on at least one passage which is a published work, including footnotes or a bibliography. Independent research on the academic benefits of the Advanced Placement English Language and Composition course indicates that not all students receive academic benefits from participating in the course. In a study with a sample size of over 90,, the authors found that students who took the AP English Language and Composition course did not receive any increase in academic achievement unless they also prepared for and took the AP test.
The authors controlled for over 70 intervening variables and found that AP students who took and passed the English Composition and Literature exam had ACT scores that were 2.
AP English Language and Composition Course Description— This is the core document for this course. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general.
The Ultimate List of AP English Language Tips March 15, , pm The AP Language and Composition exam tests your ability to not only read content, but also to analyze what you have read and draw conclusions to present in an argument.
AP English Language Prep Tips. Unlike its cousin, the AP English Literature and Composition exam, the AP Language and Composition exam (and course) have very little to do with fiction or poetry. So some students used to more traditional English classes may be somewhat at a loss as to what to do to prepare. AP English Language and Composition is a course in the study of rhetoric ap language and composition essay help taken in high school. Cracking the AP English Language & Composition Exam, Edition: Explore timing and format for the AP English Language and Composition Exam, and review sample questions, scoring guidelines, and sample student responses This ap language and composition essay.
Are you ready to face tricky AP English essay prompts? If not, this mini-guide will get you ready for the challenge – discover expert tips and examples! Having some powerful AP English essay examples on hands may help to write a winning personal statement – these challenges have a lot in common. AP English Language and Composition. Discover how AP can help Discover how AP can help Begin Page Content. AP English Language and Composition and using the text judiciously — you should have little trouble writing your essays on the AP Exam. Practice in other kinds of writing — narrative, argument, exposition, and personal writing — all have their place alongside.