Since officers may need to quickly move about the ship, sailors would get out of the officer's way by bracing. The tradition has extended to include the corridors and hallways of buildings depending on the situation , and it is mostly an obeisance, but it still serves a useful purpose aboard ships especially submarines. According to Field Manual Military courtesy means good manners and politeness in dealing with other people.
Courteous behavior provides a basis for developing good human relations. The distinction between civilian and military courtesy is that military courtesy was developed in a military atmosphere and has become an integral part of serving in uniform.
Military courtesy has been established, over the years, to establish and maintain order and structure that is the backbone of the military. Military courtesies may also be adopted by paramilitary organizations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The salute is widely misunderstood outside the military.
Some consider it to be a gesture of servility since the junior extends a salute to the senior, but this interpretation isn't true at all. The salute is an expression that recognizes each other as a member of the profession of arms — that they have made a personal commitment of self-sacrifice to preserve the American way of life.
The fact that the junior extends the greeting first is merely a point of etiquette — a salute extended or returned makes the same statement. The way you salute says a lot about you as a military member.
A proud, smart salute shows pride in yourself and your unit and that you're confident in your abilities as a soldier. A sloppy salute can mean that you're ashamed of your unit, lack confidence, or, at the very least, haven't learned how to salutecorrectly. You'll get plenty of practice saluting in basic training, but it wouldn't hurt to practice in front of a mirror several times before you leave so that you can doit correctly automatically.
All military enlisted personnel in uniform are required to salute when they meet and recognize a commissioned or warrant officer, except when it is inappropriate or impractical for example, if you're carrying something using both hands. A salute is also rendered. Military courtesy shows respect and reflects self-discipline. While some of these courtesies seem to wane after basic, they're strictly adhered to during military basic training:.
Getting the Lowdown on Customs and Courtesies. Customs A custom is an established practice. Related Topics Join the Military. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. You May Also Like. How the Xtreme Athlete Prepares for Military Hobbies like BMX, motocross, skiing, snowboarding, skateboarding, and others are now full-time sports for many young athletes Army traditions are the things that everyone in the Army does, everywhere. Unit traditions are the unique things that you do in your unit that other units may or may not do.
Some unit traditions are- Ceremonial duties. The green berets of the Army's Special Forces. Airborne units' maroon beret. Cavalry units' spurs and hats. Special designations authorized unit nicknames such as Cottonbalers, the 7th Infantry Regiment. Distinctive items of clothing worn in your unit such as headgear, belt buckles, and tankers' boots.
Unit mottoes such as "Victory! The soldier that utters that sound understands his task and will not quit until it is completed. That sound means soldiers are ready and willing to accomplish the mission at hand. The music you hear at various hours of the day for example, "Reveille," "Retreat," and "Taps" or during ceremonies funerals, change of command, etc. Military buglers have been communicating with soldiers for centuries.
Bugle calls told troops when to go to bed, when to wake up, when to eat, when to attack, and when to retreat.
There were stable calls, water calls, drill calls, sick calls, and church calls on Sunday. The Twilight Tattoo is a time honored military tradition that dates back to the British Army years ago when bugle calls were designed to notify the troops to return to the barracks from the local towns. The familiar tune of "Tattoo" signaled tavern owners to "doe den tap toe" or "turn off the taps. Bugles were first used for signaling in America by the British army during the Revolutionary War.
The sound of the bugle made it possible to convey commands over a great distance and could usually be heard above the roar of battle. Right up to the beginning of the First World War, bugles were important tools in the control of units.
Bugler from the Army Band As weapons became more lethal, with longer ranges, and required greater dispersal of units, bugles lost effectiveness in controlling units. But the Army still retains bugles and the music with which they communicate to soldiers is another reminder of our heritage. With every note of Reveille or Retreat we call to mind our common bond with soldiers of the Continental Army and the sacrifices soldiers have made ever since.
You can hear the bugle calls still used today on the Army Homepage at www. The National and organizational flags carried by Color-bearing units are called the National Color and the organizational color respectively the word color is capitalized when referring to the National flag only. When used singularly, the term "Color" implies the National Color. The term "Colors" means the national and organizational colors.
The Colors originated as a means of battlefield identification and performed this function for many years. The old rank of Ensign-originally an Army title, now used only in the Navy-was assigned to the regiment's junior officer who carried the flag ensign into battle.
Because the color party marched into battle at the front and center of the regiment, casualties were high. Victories in the old days were sometimes expressed in terms of the number of enemy colors captured. The practice of carrying colors into battle persisted through the American Civil War; the last Medals of Honor awarded during this conflict were for capturing Confederate colors. Modern armies now carry colors only in ceremonies. Every one then hid the piece of flag in his clothing and took it with him when released from prison.
In the years following the war, the pieces were finally recovered and sewed together again to form the flag, which is still in existence. FM , The Soldier's Guide , Regiments and separate battalions are the only units that carry colors. Divisions, brigades and other organizations have a distinguishing standard that shows the shoulder-sleeve insignia. Company-size units carry guidons small flags in the colors of their branches. United States Army flags traditionally have been used for purposes of identification and the fostering of esprit de corps.
The present policies stem from ideas and practices dating back to the Revolutionary War. In turn, those were influenced by the military traditions of Western Europe to a great extent. The English, French, Dutch, Spanish, and others brought to North America their flags, military uniforms, and other official symbolism.
Also, leaders of the colonists were familiar with military traditions and particularly those of England and France. With the Declaration of Independence and the formation of troops, came the need for items to identify the soldiers and military units.
On February 20, , General Washington's headquarters issued an order on flags. It said that regiments should each have distinctive colors similar to the uniforms of the regiment and that "the Number of the Regiment is to be mark'd on the Colours, and such a Motto, as the Colonel may choose. General Washington's order emphasized the significance of organizational colors to the Army by directing quick design and procurement.
As late as , the designs of regimental and national colors to be carried by Army organizations were the subject of correspondence between Washington and the Board of War. The Americans intended to follow the British practice of using two different designs for the National flag: By , the stars and stripes design adopted by the United States in was generally known as the marine maritime flag used extensively at sea, but no Army National flag had been adopted prior to The first Army National Color was blue incorporating the design of an eagle displayed somewhat similar to that in the coat of arms adopted for the United States and the name of the regiment.
That National Color of the Army was carried until when it became the regimental color. From that blue flag evolved the eagle on regimental and battalion flags and, finally, on Major Army Command flags.
Continuous recognition of the significance of flags to the soldiers' morale resulted in a well-defined system of flags for organizations at all echelons. In general, flags incorporate design elements that are identical to or relate to the insignia worn by the members of the organization. Until no flag represented the Army as a whole. This flag was designed to meet the need for one banner to represent the entire Army.
The Army flag is in the national colors of red, white, and blue with a yellow fringe. It has a white field with the War Office seal in blue in its center. Beneath the seal is a scarlet scroll with the inscription "United States Army" in white letters. Below the scroll the numerals "" appears in blue to commemorate the year in which the Army was created with the appointment of General George Washington as Commander in Chief.
The historic War Office seal, somewhat modified from its original, is the design feature that gives to the Army flag its greatest distinction. The center of the seal depicts a roman breastplate over a jupon, or a leather jacket.
Above the breastplate rises a sword upon which rests a Phrygian cap. Rising from the breastplate to the left facing the viewer is a pike, or esponton, flanked by an unidentified organizational color. On the right side rises a musket with fixed bayonet flanked by the National Color. Above the sword is a rattlesnake holding in its mouth a scroll inscribed "This We'll Defend. Below the cannon are three cannon balls and to the right is a mortar on a trunnion with two powder flasks below.
See the Army flag in figure below. The Army Flag and Streamers From its colors to its heraldic devices, the Army flag is rich in symbolism that speaks of our nation's and the Army's origin and heritage. The colors used in the flag were selected for their traditional significance. Red, white, and blue are the colors, of course, of the national flag. Furthermore, those colors symbolize in the language of heraldry the virtues of hardiness and valor red , purity and innocence white , and vigilance, perseverance, and justice blue.
Blue is especially significant since it has been the unofficial color of the Army for more than two hundred years. The meaning of the symbols that make up the heraldic design of the seal can be fully understood only in terms of its eighteenth century origin.
For example, the placement of the two flags shown on the seal, the organizational and the national flags are reversed in violation of heraldic custom. The placing of the United States flag on the left from the flag's point of view rather than on the right reflected the tendency of the leaders of the Revolutionary War period to discard traditional European concepts.
The display of both an organizational color and the national flag was a common practice of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. See the Army seal in figure below.
The Army Seal The implements of warfare, cannon, cannon balls, mortar, powder flasks, pike, and rifle, are all of the type used in the Revolutionary War.
Their inclusion in the seal reflects the powers and duties of the revolutionary era Board of War for the procurement and handling of artillery, arms, ammunition, and other war-like stores belonging to the United States.
The pike is of the type carried by subordinate officers of infantry. The drum and drumsticks are symbols of public notification, reflecting the tradition of a citizen militia.
Drums also served various military purposes in the eighteenth century, such as the regulation of firing in battle by the drummer's beat. The Phrygian cap atop the sword's point is the type of cap given to ancient Roman slaves when they were granted freedom.
However, during the French Revolution, the cap was adopted and worn as a "Cap of Liberty," and is now a traditional symbol of liberty. The coiled rattlesnake and scroll was a symbol that appeared frequently on colonial flags, particularly those representing groups opposed to some aspect of British rule. The Army flag reflects our history and touches the lives of generations of Americans. Taylor called it the "American soldier's Flag. The Army is hundreds of years older than you are and proud of its experience.
It draws strength from the past and offers some of that strength to you through symbols. The streamers attached to the Army flag staff denote campaigns fought by the Army throughout our Nation's history. The colors derive from the campaign ribbon authorized for service in that particular war.
Customs, Courtesies, and Traditions The Army is an organization that instills pride in its members because of its history, mission, capabilities, and the respect it has earned in the service of the Nation. A reflection of that pride is visible in the customs, courtesies, and traditions the Army holds.
CHAPTER 5: MILITARY CUSTOMS & COURTESIES. GENERAL. Military courtesy is simply the display of good manners and politeness in dealing with other people. Military courtesy conveys respect from both subordinate and senior to each other. HISTORY OF THE MILITARY SALUTE. Men of arms have used some form of the military salute as .
CHAPTER 9 CUSTOMS AND COURTESIES The military services have a long history. Many traditions have been established as a result of this long history. Start studying Military Customs, Courtesies, and Traditions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
What are the courtesies rendered by individuals during Reveille if they are in uniform and not in formation either with or without headgear? At the first note of music, face flag and render hand salute (if flag is not in view, face direction of music). History shows that a lack of military customs and courtesies has a direct relationship with a decrease in esprit de corps, morale, discipline, and, .