I generally end with something like: The author's premises, the basis for his argument, lack any legitimate evidentiary support and render his conclusion unacceptable. Paragraph 3 In the third paragraph, I always attack the assumptions - again, I jot down a couple assumptions on my notepad while reading the prompt. Generally, the issue with assumptions is that they need to be clearly explicated - the author is asking the reader to make a jump with them, but the reader may well veer off course if the author doesn't explicitly state his arguments.
I usually begin with some variation of: In addition, the author makes several assumptions that remain unproven. Again, I begin with a transitional phrase that the e-grader can pick up on. As with the premises, I spend this paragraph attacking a couple of the author's assumptions. The easiest way to do this is to find an alternate explanation -- ie, what if the assumption wasn't true?
I usually have two or three, again. My assumption paragraph ends with something like: The author weakens his argument by making assumptions and failing to provide explication of the links between X and Y he assumes exists. Paragraph 4 Paragraph 4 is where I talk about how the author could strengthen his argument -- that is, I go back to my claim that his argument could have some validity, but not as it stands. I usually begin this paragraph with something like: While the author does have several key issues in his argument's premises and assumptions, that is not to say that the entire argument is without base.
Then I provide some concrete ways the author could strengthen his argument. The easiest way to do this is to give examples of what kind of evidence the author could provide, and discuss how he can fill the holes in his assumptions. Though there are several issues with the author's reasoning at present, with research and clarification, he could improve his argument significantly.
Paragraph 5 This is my conclusion paragraph. I pretty much always conclude with the same sentence: In sum, the author's illogical argument is based on unsupported premises and unsubstantiated assumptions that render his conclusion invalid. I usually use "in sum" because it's considered better stylistically than "in conclusion" but signals to the e-grader that you're at your conclusion. I usually add a couple sentences of fluff in between and then I end with: If the author truly hopes to change his readers' minds on the issue, he would have to largely restructure his argument, fix the flaws in his logic, clearly explicate his assumptions, and provide evidentiary support.
Without these things, his poorly reasoned argument will likely convince few people. And that's pretty much it. So the cliff notes: P1- Intro with generic thesis statement that works for P2 - Attack the premises of the argument. P3 - Attack the assumptions of the argument. P4 - Discuss what type of evidence or reasoning would strengthen the argument.
Hope that helps someone out there and good luck on your essays! Thanks for the awesome post. It's really helpful and clearly states what is measured in 'Analysis of argument' questions.
Any views on 'Analysis of issue'? Tweetyspeaks Newbie Next Rank: Thanks a lot for your wonderful template. This is so far the best I have seen. It would be very helpful to us if you could please post us your issue template too.
This is a brilliant post mate and I reckon will surely help many people.. Now here I am being little greedy here.. Can you please give your insight about Issue Essay..
How to deal with the issue essay if nothing concrete example jumps out to you.. Once you can identify that, it will be easier to frame your argument.
For example, if your topic is factory farming, your angle could be that factory farming releases large amounts of methane gas, which contribute to climate change and the global epidemic of unpredictable and increasingly violent weather.
You could frame it as both an environmental and a public safety issue. Do some research to find supporting evidence. Start doing research on your topic online and in the library to build up your knowledge base. Take notes while you read to point out any pieces of evidence you could use or any arguments that are starting to form.
Come up with pieces of evidence to support your argument. As you sift through your research, start to coalesce the most accurate and striking arguments you see into pieces of supporting evidence. Sketch out a thesis statement. This will serve as the rough draft of your thesis statement. Organize your ideas into an outline. Creating an outline before you start writing will help your paper be more structured and organized.
Go with a basic 5-paragraph structure, with 1 paragraph for your introduction, 3 paragraphs for 3 pieces of evidence, and 1 paragraph for your conclusion. Jot down bullet points and brief sentences for each section to outline what you want to include. You can organize your outline with Roman numerals, regular numbers, or bullet points—whatever feels most comfortable to you. One way to do this is to start off with a surprising fact or interesting quotation that has to do with your subject.
Begin with a brief anecdote to make the topic relatable. You can choose to relate a brief story of something that happened to you, or try relating an example in a short, story-like format. Stealing a pack of gum from the convenience store across from his school. Start with a broad generalization, then zoom in on your topic. Starting your essay with a broad perspective and slowly narrowing in on the topic feels natural to write and to read, with the effect of easing the reader into your paper.
You can also do the opposite, starting with a small example and slowly working outwards to maker a broader statement. Use a rhetorical question to get your reader thinking. Asking your reader a question is a direct way to start your essay, bringing the reader straight into the action and forcing them to start thinking about your topic. Present a counter-argument first to make an interesting switch. This strategy can be great for topics that are particularly emotionally fraught, that readers are likely to have opinions about already.
Write sentences introducing your specific topic. In an even greater sense, capital punishment is a statement about the society we live in. Provide any necessary background the reader will need. This information provides context and history that can be crucial to explaining and arguing your point.
For example, if you are arguing that there should never be a military draft in the United States, your introduction can include information about the history of the U.
The thesis is the essence of an argumentative essay. In a single, clear sentence, it sums up what point you are trying to make. The thesis statement should assert a position on a particular issue -- one that a reader can potentially argue against.
Therefore, the thesis cannot be a fact. For example, if a professor assigns the general topic of war, you can formulate the following thesis statement: A good introduction should not be describing arguments or providing analysis that belong in the body paragraphs.
Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument.
An argument essay, as with all essays, should contain three parts: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment.
A good introduction in an argumentative essay acts like a good opening statement in a trial. Just like a lawyer, a writer must present the issue at hand, give background, and put forth the main argument -- all in a logical, intellectual and persuasive way. Sample Argument Essay #5. Click Here to View Essay "Society Begins at Home" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #6. Click Here to View Essay "School Choice: An Unwise Option" (AGAINST) (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #7.
Argumentative essay is a specific type of composition with its specific requirements. In order to understand the essence of this work, it is necessary to look through its goals. Sep 05, · Argument essays seek to state a position on an issue and give several reasons, supported by evidence, for agreeing with that position. Finding Ideas to Write About Argument essay topics can be found bisnesila.tks: