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❶Bioethics An 8 page research paper that discusses the ethics of randomized clinical trials using placebos versus the duty of physicians to act in the best interests of their patients. But how can such a promising doctor perform the acts that don't seem to be ethical?

20 Topics on Medical Ethics for an Evaluation Essay

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Sample Evaluation Essay: Are Medical Ethics the Same Everywhere?

One example of this is childbirth. They naturally deliver healthy babies most of the time in spite of not receiving any Western prenatal care, due to their culturally nutritious diets, the low rate of smoking, the low rate of drinking, The babies, as a result, are often the right size for birth.

For having such staunch beliefs against much of Western medicine, the love and desire of mothers to ensure the very best of chances for the child overruled any cultural apprehensions in this regard and resulted in mothers bearing their babies in a place they would otherwise have avoided just to give them the citizenship. This is truly an inspiring perspective if one takes the time to think about it.

A great insight into the power of strong cultural values juxtaposed against maternal instincts. The Hmong taught a lot of lessons to the Western culture, many of which are exposed in comparison to medical ethics for Hmong and for Americans. There is a serious problem with the high prevalence of antibiotic use in people and animals, as well as the advertisements for medications on television which inevitably encourage people to incorrectly believe they have symptoms and need medication.

What is particularly bothersome though is the idea that Western medicine is always right even though it often treats only the symptoms individually and not the illness, something which results in people taking medication after medication to then treat subsequent symptoms that are the direct result of the previous medication. The Hmong embodied this concept wholly with their disregard to regular medication and the use of only those medicines which were needed. Another aspect of the culture which struck me was how the Hmong people, even those Christian converts, never gave up on their roots no matter what, always seeking out the traditional medications in tandem with Western medication.

Some Hmong patients will explain what treatment they thought would be best and remained optimistic about a particular condition. Many are adamant about Hmong healing and will not follow directions from Western doctors for medications or transfusions, which can represent child abuse and a serious ethical dilemma for western doctors responsible for reporting such behaviors.

It seems that with such different beliefs, the treatment of symptoms by the Western medicine will continually conflict with treatment of the entire condition or cause as Eastern medicine generally seeks to do in practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Oxford University Press, Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, If you are writing an evaluation essay on medical ethics and find yourself in need of a topic, consider the 20 below: Are Medical Ethics the Same Everywhere?

High quality healthcare also demands attention to ethics, including issues of human values, law, and public policy. The case I am presenting here is a real ethical story that happened in the University of Michigan.

Joseph Oesterling was a division head of the Division of Urological Surgery in the University of Michigan in the mid 90's, and he was a young, energetic and fast rising "star" in prostate cancer field in the nation.

After his residency and specialist training in the John Hopkins University under the internationally renowned Urologic surgeon Patrick Walsh, he, at the age of only 36, joined and became head of the Urology at the U of M in He worked tirelessly in both treating patients and doing clinical research. He quickly became nationally recognized leading surgeon in the prostate cancer field and editor-in-chief in the international journal Urology Advisory regarding Dr. Joseph Oesterling's resignation, He treated his colleagues with warm and personal feeling.

Indeed, just as what he claimed, he "works 15 hours a day, seven days a week, and hasn't taken a vacation in three years". But how can such a promising doctor perform the acts that don't seem to be ethical?

Did he really do anything wrong? What exactly did he do wrong? Unsure what to do with the check, she gave it to a boss. The check and an accompanying letter from a drug company alarmed the supervisor.

But the boss soon learned no one at the U-M had heard of the foundation. Where would the money go? The check triggered an eight-month investigation on Dr. Oesterling and what they found was much more than what they could have expected. The foundation was Oesterling's primary company for attracting thousands of dollars in contributions from drug and medical device companies. Most of the money that was intended to contribute to the foundation for prostate cancer research was actually sent to Oesterling's home.

Some of them were never deposited to the foundation's bank account but instead were cashed by him. The report of the investigation showed Oesterling did not disclose any of his business contracts with outside companies to U-M, which is required, or fully described them to the American Urological Association, as the association requires when a doctor presents research at conferences.

He received hundreds of thousands of dollars from more than a dozen drug companies that he failed to report. Additionally, in several occasions, Oesterling double- and triple-billed to U-M, drug companies and medical device companies, and urological associations for the same trips, cab rides, hotel bills, and other expenses Kamins, Oesterling's research and prescribing practices also were in question because he made thousands of dollars from companies whose products he studied or promoted.

Oesterling served as a board director in a medical device company, VidaMed Inc. The study required that patients be assigned randomly to receive treatment by either this device or the traditional procedures. But Oesterling selected patients in a nonrandom manner that might result a biased outcome in favor of the device.

He presented his findings to the American Board of Urology; he praised the new procedure without disclosing his financial interest in the company. He also falsely claimed that none of the 20 patients treated with the device were anesthetized during the procedure, although all had been anesthetized Kamins, One side of this issue in the case is the individual ethics. Oesterling obviously behaved unethically in many situations. He knowingly and willingly allowed his clinical researches to be affected by outside force while pretending the researches were still unbiased.

He took the matter of serious science that is directly related to human health in a rather indiscreet manner. He turned the serious medical performance into a money game, the money to feed his endless financial desire that is. Although it is very hard to fully understand what's in the back of his mind and why he did what he did in the double- and triple-billing episode, one thing that could be drawn out from it may be that his extravagant money desire is out of his moral control, or he had already lost it.

Oesterling is already in the leadership position within the division of a large medical school, he is still clearly lacking the basics of right medical ethics knowledge that every medical doctor should have in order to practice in medicine. He should re-learn the values and principles of what is right and what is wrong when treating patients. He should be advised to strengthen his cognition on the special importance on human being when using medical tools on them.

He should deeply recognize that patients are not only customers in hospitals, also they are human and the objects they are dealing with are human body, not just a lifeless object, so the abuse of doctors' power would not only cause damages on them financially, but also may harm them physically, even loss of lives. He should strongly realize the medicine is not just an any kind of sciences; it's a very unique and serious science.

It should be dealt very seriously. He should be taught that to mistreat patients just for increasing his own personal financial interest is absolutely unacceptable, unethical, even illegal, and will face severe consequences.

Obviously the unethical acts of Oesterling's had been investigated by multiple agencies, he would be judged in the court of law and be penalized. After all these are over with satisfied results, Oesterling may be given second chance to practice in medicine under close supervision. This case not only showed the individual unethical behavior in medical field, also revealed some unethical and immoral management in medical equipment companies and drug manufacturing companies.

The higher authority in medical field should send a strong message to the top management team in these companies to ask them to change their organizational behavior to comply with ethical behavior in medicine. These top management teams should go through similar educational classes in ethics as what have been advised for Dr. All top executives as well as group managers in those companies should be taught and become vigilant on that the business they are in is not just an any kind of common business; it is directly related to human health and their product can be very powerful and even harmful if misused.

These companies should clearly realize the nature of their products and the nature of the end customers of their products. Any serous offenders or repeat offenders in these businesses should be removed, fined or facing jail term. People seem to pass through stages of moral reasoning and judgment as they mature. In this case, Oesterling showed immaturity in his moral judgment in that his judgment was still very much influenced by outside illegitimate force and still was self-centered, as his behavior was saying "It's right because it's right for me".


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That is the statement contained in all code of ethics in the medical profession. Disaster situations utilize a public health ethics model more than they do a medical ethics model with the end goal of obtaining a balance between individual and collective rights of the patients (Karadag and Hakan ). /5(12).

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Medical Ethics: Patient Wishes vs Doctor Actions - A conflict between a doctor who wants to treat his patient a certain way, and a patient who wants to be treated by the doctor the way she wants.

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Medical ethics is a highly controversial and sensitive topic. It is highly debatable and prone to go in many ways. If you are writing an evaluation essay on medical ethics and find yourself in need of a topic, consider the 20 below. This essay on medical ethics is an example of how an essay on such a topic can be organized. It includes intro, thesis, body, and conclusion. Essay on Medical Ethics Medical practitioners are people who help us cure our sicknesses.

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Sep 20,  · Summary of the AMA Code of Ethics Biomedical Ethics Sec. 02 1, Words The code of medical ethics was written with the intention of standardizing the expectation for ethical behavior throughout every professional medical setting within the United States. Academic essays and term papers on Medical Ethics. Over 95, term papers to search in over essay topics.