The internet has provided a wide array of learning opportunities, but there are risks too. Photos, videos and other personal information shared by an individual on social networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter can be inappropriately used by others may lead to serious and even life-threatening incidents.
Social networking sites have become the most popular medium for sharing information and connecting with other people. But these sites have created varied opportunities for cyber crimes, compromised personal identities and information leakage. Therefore, it is important for individuals to understand how to protect against cyber threats, and must also comprehend the difference between virtual and real world. One should learn how to protect computers and personal information from being hacked and should engage in appropriate online behaviour in order to eliminate changes of cyber threats and thereby creating a safer online environment.
Business organizations, mainly small and medium-size face critical challenges in protecting data. Limited financial and technological resources make it difficult for them to upgrade security system and to stay updated with technology. However, better awareness towards cyber security and proper planning can prove to be very beneficial for such business organizations in protecting their information and trade secrets from being disclosed. Many small business organizations are now taking initiatives to protect their information from being accessed illegally.
Cyber security is equally important for local, state, and central government as these organizations maintain a huge amount of confidential data and records concerning the country and its citizens. Yet several government organizations face difficulty in protecting data because of inadequate secured infrastructure, limited funding and lack of security awareness.
Stealing of confidential data or sensitive information, digital by terrorists from government organizations, as well as digital spying can lead to serious threats on a country. For this reason, cyber security is of paramount importance for government organizations also and is a vital asset to the nation. The increasing use of the internet and social media has made cyber security even more important that it was before. Growing cyber threats such as data theft, phishing scams and other cyber vulnerabilities demand that users should remain vigilant about protecting data.
In , when the World Wide Web was in its early stages of development, futurist Dr. Gene Stephens wrote about the present and future reality of cyber crime and made several predictions: Billions more have gone undetected. Trillions will be stolen, most without detection, by the emerging master criminal of the twenty-first century—the cyberspace offender" Stephens, , p. Reflecting on his predictions in a article, Stephens noted that he and others foresaw much of the cyber crime to come:. Cyber crime, as distinguished from computer crime, is an umbrella term for the various crimes committed using the World Wide Web, such as:.
Several of these activities have a long history that predates the Internet, and they also have technological antecedents. Media reports since the s have documented the many methods by which criminals have used the Internet to commit crimes. Cyberthieves have become skilled at using the anonymity and secrecy of the Internet to defraud their victims of their money, their peace of mind, and indeed even their lives.
When victims let their guard down by muting a healthy skepticism and caution, cyber crime takes place. As one FBI spokeswoman noted, "The scammer tries to prey on victims who are kind of in tune with what's going on in the world. The scam changes, but ultimately they're preying on the good will of people" quoted in Simmons, Law enforcement officials have struggled to identify, arrest, and prosecute these tech-savvy offenders, even as sociologists have sought to get to the root of cyber crime.
It has created a new forum for both terrorist activity and criminal behavior. Which of the following allows perpetrators to commit multinational cybercrime with little fear of judicial sanctions? Which of the following is NOT a problem in the investigation of cybercrime? Which of the following is NOT a reason why many businesses and corporations underreport computer crimes? Which of the following is a valid reason why a corporation might welcome federal assistance to help catch a cyber criminal?
Expenditures on which area represent a nonrecurring expense for a computer crime unit? Which of the following is an example of computer-initiated criminal activity? Which of the following involves payments that rely on a bank account and a web-based transfer of funds to or from an established financial account? Which of the following characteristics of new payment methods has facilitated money laundering and terrorist financing? Which of the following e-payment methods stores funds on an integrated circuit chip in the card?
Which payment method is typically associated with a card payment network such as Visa or MasterCard? For users, hour accessibility equates to hour vulnerability. One of the earliest computers developed by Charles Babbage was created to tabulate the U. Intranets are small local networks connecting computers within one organization, controlled by a common system administrator. What is the term used to describe the final destination of discarded, lost, or destroyed data?
Which of the following tells the computer in which order to access drives? What is the purpose of random access memory in the computer system?
Which Windows operating system paved the way for the development of peer-to-peer networks? Which of the following is a self-contained program that may spread functional copies of itself to other computer systems? What is a collection of hyperlinked pages of information distributed over the Internet via a network protocol? Which of the following is NOT a reason for the popularity of bulletin boards among subversive organizations? Which of the following refers to the unauthorized attempt to gain access to information about a system?
Which of the following is structured to allow users to participate in real-time conversations? Which of the following interprets program instructions and processes data in the computer?
What is the term used to refer to the method of cracking passwords by manually entering all possible key combinations? Which of the following devices introduces commands and information to the computer?
Who was the first person to successfully introduce a device exclusively designed for data processing? Like traditional communication carriers, Internet service providers are required to maintain transmission records. The issue of vicinage has been simplified by the lack of international guidelines for cyberactivity. Blue boxes were extremely popular among college dorms and were widely considered harmless by users.
Traditional hacker culture was characterized by an antiestablishment rhetoric. What can the exponential increase in online harassment, stock manipulation, and child pornography be attributed to?
Which of the following is a factor that leads many individual users of the Internet to assume that their identities are safely protected?
Short Essay on Cyber Crime – Cyber crime is the latest and perhaps the most complicated problem in the cyber world. The term “Cyber Crime” has nowhere been defined in any statute or Act passed or enacted by the Indian Parliament.
Besides that cyber crime can be defined as crimes committed on the internet using the computer as either a tool or a targeted victim (Joseph A E, ). Computer can be considers as a tool in cyber crime when the individual is the main target of cyber crime. But computer can be considers as target when the crime is directed to the computer.
Free cyber crime papers, essays, and research papers. Research Papers words (5 pages) CyberCrime Committed on the Internet Essay - Cyber Crime Committed on the Internet Cyber crime is an issue that has been prevalent in this nation ever since the creation of the massive thing we like to call the Internet.
Like in every society, in the internet there is commerce, education, entertainment, and of course there is crime, cybercrime. Real life society has police and laws to regulate people actions, unfortunately right now the internet is missing this type of control. A Mumbai-based upstart engineering company lost a say and much money in the business when the rival company, an industry major, stole the technical database from their computers with the help of a corporate cyber spy. ——————————————– [ 2 ]. History of Cyber Crime [ 3 ].