A unique way in which the Greeks were the first to comprehend the reality they observed and tried to understand, was Systematic thought or speculation. Greek philosophy begins with the Ionian City of Miletus in the 7th century B.
Why is the Greek discovery of philosophy important? Explain in your own words. The discovery of Greek philosophy is important because they begin to think in logical terms.
This means that they move away from thinking that supernatural forces are the forces that cause events and life to happen. It is no longer the will of the gods that bring about natural disasters.
Greeks began to think in terms of cause and effect, unlike other surrounding civilizations. Most importantly the rules of the Greeks applied no matter the location. As being that humans created the idea of gods and not gods themselves, mythical thinking was way off. In essence, mythical thinking was the lazy way out of explaining life and phenomena. Explain the principle of exclusion, and why it is important for the progress of man.
Before the Greeks other civilizations had many different ways of thinking. The Greeks along with their Philosophers determined there is only one explanation, one that is always true and correct. This principle was important because it allowed Philosophers and other great thinkers the introduction of science, allowing them to investigate the workings of human intelligence, nature, and life.
This way of thinking made the Greeks the smartest civilization in their time. The idea of the atom was created by Democritus. Total relativism is a characteristic of the Sophists philosophy. According to Socrates, what is the method or means by which man can come to know the universal truth that does not change?
The method or means by which man can came to know the universal truth included asking questions on specific problem or issue and from that question you would derive an answer. Therefore eliminating the false sides of an answer by removing the lies or falsehoods. The more questions you ask you then start to eliminate less and less lies or falsehoods, eventually leading to the bare truth. This Socratic Method is the basis for basic investigation technique.
As Socrates, Plato believed that true virtue is based on knowledge. This knowledge comes from the rational apprehension of the eternal ideas of goodness and justice. The Stoics believed that the entire universe is an ordered reality, it forms part of a whole cosmos in which all contradictions are resolved for the ultimate good. The universe then follows a determined, logical path that leads to a final perfection.
All the things that happen in life, good and evil, is rigidly determined in accordance to a rational purpose. This course of the universe is unchangeable. Therefore, no individual could escape or change his destiny, no one was master of his fate.
The stoics believed that the most important good in life was is the serenity of the mind, and they placed emphasis on duty and self-discipline as main virtues. Epicurean believed that the highest good was to seek pleasure.
Epicurean teachings and politics were based on individual pleasure. The highest of all pleasures is the serenity of the soul, in complete absence of mental and physical pain. Even with this power, characters like Calonice are depicted as being too weak to even exercise it properly:. Such a statement suggests that women are subject to the will of their physical desires and cannot control them.
It also shows that women are truly the weaker sex because they cannot control their bodily drives. This is sharply contrasted to men, who are usually characterized in Greek culture as strong, reserved and in control. Lysistrata lamented this facet of women in Greece by arguing,. It's no wonder men write tragedies about us. This marginalization of women in literature would continue throughout history and is particularly evident in the works of William Shakespeare.
The play also clarified Greek culture and its gender norms by detailing how men used their physical power and violence to undermine women.
Even the brace Lysistrata acknowledged that men have an upper hand in this respect. When the other women asked what to do if their men beat them, she replied by lamenting that:. Such submission to male authority shows that violence and physical means of coercion were the norm. Women had no choice but to accept it and deal with the repercussions. Later in the play, there were also numerous instances where men threatened women with physical violence directly. For instance, when the Chorus reflected shared dialogue with women, a question posed was:.
This paints Greek culture in a light that undermines women and their freedoms. While it may be a broad generalization to assume that all men beat their wives, the play does show that society sees it as an acceptable means by which to deal with unruly women.
With a life of dealing with children, cleaning and other familial tasks, gender roles were oriented towards men being the breadwinners while women were passive and submissive. In Greek culture, women were burdened with:. This shows that Greek culture was conservative in terms of gender interaction.
Moreover, instituting a sexual double standard where women wield sex as a means of persuasion, the play portrays women in a negative light. Despite being limited to only bodily pleasure as a bargaining tool, evidence from the play shows that apprehension towards using this power stemmed from an inability to control sex drive.
Clearly, women in Greece were depicted as weak, sexual creatures that were powerless to men despite the fact that they ultimately achieve their goal in the play. Finally, the ubiquitous use of violence to deal with the women shows that this was an accepted facet of Greek gender relations. Women had to deal with violent means of coercion as an acceptable form of discourse.
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This essay focuses on the author Aristophanes' view of male and female gender roles in ancient Greece. Insightful literary interpretations are just one of the many features provided by Ultius.. Aristophanes’ Lysistrata as a representation of Greek gender roles Greek culture has long been cited as one related to sophistication, social progress, 5/5(1).
Ancient Greece Group Essay Ancient Greece can best be defined by its advancement, inequality, and regionalism qualities because of their schooling government and other discoveries, wide use of persecution on lower social classes, and divided city-states. Links and information on Ancient Greece: history, mythology, art and architecture, olympics, wars, people, geography, etc.
The civilization of Ancient Greece was one that spanned many years, and in this time, many the Greeks excelled various fields, such as art, entertainment, music, government, economy, leadership, science, mathematics, astronomy, and more. Ancient Greeks believed in a series of myths, which explained nature, set the moral code for the Greek people, and some were just entertaining stories. These myths turned the Greek world from a world of fear into a world of wondrous beauty.