Depending on the scale of the project and the time available, about twenty well-chosen interviewees should be enough to reflect a wide range of views and perspectives on the field of study. Your supervisor should be able to recommend at least the first half-dozen or so interviewees.
Choose a range of people with different perspectives. These may be suppliers, manufacturers, and customers, or people from the private, public and voluntary sectors for example, depending on the topics to be discussed. Phone your potential interviewees to make personal contact. Inboxes get so full nowadays that people are tempted to ignore unsolicited emails. And do fit in with their diaries and preferred locations. At the interview, exchange business cards. Let them know that they can speak freely and that views expressed will not be attributed to individuals in the report.
And if there is anything they want to tell you that they would not wish to have included in the report, you will respect that confidentiality. Some people use tape recorders in interviews. This can put interviewees on the defensive and reduce the chances of them speaking freely. So take notes instead. Email the interviewee within a day or so of the interview.
Thank them again for the meeting, summarise the main points you learned from the interview, and ask if there is anything they would like to add or change. Your final report should include an acknowledgement thanking the interviewees for their help, together with a list of interviewees. The list would usually appear as an appendix rather than in the main body of the report. If your report is published, perhaps as a conference paper, send an email to the interviewees at the time asking them if they would like a copy or letting them know a web reference where they can find the report.
Some reports, particularly for businesses, may be confidential, and you may not be allowed to send copies to interviewees. In this case, check whether or not you can at least send them a copy of a press release on the work or something similar. Interviewing involves asking questions and getting answers from participants in a study. Interviewing has a variety of forms including: The asking and answering of questions can be mediated by the telephone or other electronic devices e.
Interviews can be structured, semi-structure or unstructured. Consider reading about all the different types of interviews, since these distinctions are somewhat artifical, and there are important similarties and differences across these types.
Whether you are conducting a structured or unstructured interview, the development of the questions you ask takes into consideration:. All interview guides are developed iteratively - questions are developed, tested, and then refined based on what one learns from asking people these questions. When conducting semi-structured or unstructured interviews, the interviewer develops a 'loose' guide, with general questions designed to open up conversation about the topic. Silence on the part of the interviewer is golden and can give the interviewee time to think and speak.
A number of resources below provide excellent guidance on the development of research questions. The following resources were used and can be reviewed by those interested in more information of the topic of interviewing. Learning how to ask: A sociolinguistic appraisal of the role of the interview in social science research. Qualitative interviews in medical research. The interactive relational approach.
Ethics and Conducting Research. Also see Related Library Topics. Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Doing Research Interviews. In addition to the articles on this current page, see the following blogs which have posts related to Doing Research Interviews. Scan down the blog's page to see various posts.
– The purpose of this paper is to draw on experience in supervising new researchers and the advice of other writers, to offer novice researchers, such as those engaged in study for a thesis, a pragmatic introduction to conducting research interviews.
[email protected]! Updated!03/!! • Make!anote!of!(or!record)!the!full!name!of!the!person!you!are!interview. Interviews can be defined as a qualitative research technique which involves “conducting intensive individual interviews with a small number of respondents to explore their perspectives on a particular idea, program or situation.”.
Conducting Research & Interviews Articles may be listed in more than one category. If the "Return to [Menu]" link doesn't take you back to where you started, simply use your browser's "back" button! interviewing is to understand the meaning of what the interviewees say. (Kvale,) A qualitative research interview seeks to cover both a factual and a meaning level, though it is usually more difficult to interview on a meaning level. (Kvale,) Interviews are particularly useful for getting the story behind a participant’s experiences.