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❶An abecedarius is an acrostic where the first letter of every word or verse follows the order of the alphabet. In the same way as one cannot have the rainbow without the rain, one cannot achieve success and riches without hard work.

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Accentual verse is common in children's poetry. Nursery rhymes and the less well-known skipping-rope rhymes are the most common form of accentual verse in the English Language.

An acrostic is a poem or other form of writing in which the first letter, syllable, or word of each line, paragraph, or other recurring feature in the text spells out a word or a message. An Acrostic by Edgar Allan Poe. A word or phrase which modifies a noun or pronoun, grammatically added to describe, identify, or quantify the related noun or pronoun.

A describing word used to modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Typically ending in -ly, adverbs answer the questions when, how, and how many times.

A type of writing in which the settings, characters, and events stand for other specific people, events, or ideas. A figure of speech that makes a reference to, or representation of, people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication.

An interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. A version of the foot in poetry in which the first two syllables of a line are unstressed, followed by a stressed syllable. Intercept the syllables in and ter are unstressed followed by cept which is stressed. A short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature.

The adversary of the hero or protagonist of a drama or other literary work: Iago is the antagonist [18] of Othello. The omission of conjunctions between clauses. An example is when John F. Kennedy said on January the 20th " Verse written in iambic pentameter without rhyme. Also known as "lexis" and "word choice," the term refers to the words selected for use in any oral, written, or literary expression. Diction often centers on opening a great array of lexical possibilities with the connotation of words by maintaining first the denotation of words.

A line in poetry that ends in a pause—indicated by a specific punctuation, such as a period or a semicolon. The continuing of a syntactic unit over the end of a line.

Enjambment occurs when the sense of the line overflows the meter and line break. A long poem that narrates the victories and adventures of a hero. It can be identified by lofty or elegant diction. An interjected scene that takes the narrative forward in time from the current point of the story in literature, film, television, and other media.

Prose written in a terse, haikai style, accompanied by haiku. Broad genre comprising the related forms haiku haikai-renga and haibun. A line from a poem hat has six feet in its meter. Another name for hexameter is "The Alexandrine. In Japanese poetry , the opening stanza of a renga or renku haikai no renga. A figure of speech that alters the syntactic order of the words in a sentence or separates normally-associated words.

The term may also be used more generally for all different figures of speech that transpose the natural word order in sentences. A term where different subordinate clauses are used in a sentence to qualify a single verb or modify it.

A word that's tacked onto a sentence in order to add strong emotion. It's grammatically unrelated to the rest of the sentence. They are usually followed by an exclamation point. Refers to the way in which different works of literature interact with and relate to one another to construct meaning.

In Japanese poetry, a seasonal word or phrase required in haiku and renku. In Japanese poetry, a "cutting word" required in haiku and hokku. It sometimes has the same meaning as persuasion. In a play, an aside is a speech that the actor says in a way that the other characters are supposed not to hear it. It usually shows the person's inner thoughts. Similar to the function of the ancient Greek chorus. A group of people that experience a work of art or literature.

A song or poem that tells a story in short stanzas and repeated simple words. A poet hired by a patron such as a ruler or nobleman to write or sing about the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own works. A form of nonfiction in which a writer tells the life story of a different person. Poetry that does not rhyme. Most of Shakespeare 's plays are in blank verse. Milton 's Paradise Lost is also written in blank verse. Latin expression which means "seize the day".

Literary works with a carpe diem theme are about seizing the moment because life is uncertain. A person or an animal who is part of the action of a literary work. The main character is the one the work focuses on. The person with whom the main character has the most conflict is the antagonist. They are the enemy of the main character, who is usually called a protagonist. Characterization is the manner in which an author develops characters and their personalities. Characters can be presented by description.

They can also be presented through their speech, thoughts, or actions. A way of thinking in literature and other arts which especially focuses on the importance of reason, balance, clearness and neat, orderly form, like the arts of Greece and Rome.

A struggle between two forces against each other. It can be internal or external. When a conflict happens inside a character, it is called internal conflict. Rochester, whom she loves, or if she should go away. An external conflict is usually a conflict that is easy to see, happening between the protagonist and antagonist. Conflict is one of the most important elements of narrative literature. Two statements that do not seem to agree with one another.

Here, the main character usually "wins" or "loses". After the climax, there is a denouement falling action. The real, direct meaning of a word, like a " dictionary definition". For example, the word " dog " denotes a mammal from the family Canidae with four legs that is often kept as a pet. Looking at and thinking about opinions or ideas logically, often by questions and answers. Using material that is not related to the subject of the work. Henry Fielding often used digression in his novels.

A story written to be performed by actors. The person who writes the play writes dialogue for the characters to speak and directions for costumes , lighting , setting, and the character's movements. A poem or speech in which an imaginary character speaks to a silent listener. A solemn, formal poem about death , often for a dead person or thing. It often begins with "In Memory of Ellipses are used often in everyday life as well as in literature. They usually look like this Perhaps the most fun-to-say term on this list, onomatopoeia is defined as the formation of a word, as cuckoo , meow , honk , or boom , by imitation of a sound made by or associated with its referent.

Alliteration is often used in poetry and song writing, along with assonance , the repetition of vowel sounds in words with different consonants, and consonance , the repetition of consonants, often at the end of words.

An allegory is a story in which the characters or developments symbolize real people or events. Perhaps the most widely misunderstood term on this list, irony has a broad range of meanings and applications. There is also situational irony , in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected, and dramatic irony , which occurs when a situation is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.

Find out more here and see if you agree. Everything After Z by Dictionary. Metaphor Aristotle wrote that mastery over the art of metaphor is a sign of genius, but what does this literary term mean in its most basic form? Analogy Simile and metaphor are both forms of analogy , the illustration of one idea by a more familiar or accessible idea that is in some way parallel.

Allusion An allusion is an indirect reference to a person, place, event, or artistic work. Euphemism Euphemism is the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for an expression that is thought to be harsh, blunt, or offensive. Paradox A paradox is a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but may in reality express a truth or tension.


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rows · Literary Terms and Criticism. Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN Edward Quinn. A Dictionary of Literary And Thematic Terms. Checkmark Books, ISBN Lewis Turco. The Book of Literary Terms: The Genres of Fiction, Drama, Nonfiction, Literary Criticism, and Scholarship. Univ. Press of New England, ISBN

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Anastrophe is a form of literary device wherein the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged. In standard parlance and writing the adjective comes before the noun but when one is employing an anastrophe the noun is followed by the adjective.

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Video: Literary Devices: Definition & Examples This lesson studies some of the more common literary devices found in literature. Devices studied include allusion, diction, epigraph, euphemism, foreshadowing, imagery, metaphor/simile, personification, point-of-view and structure. This webpage contains an alphabetical glossary of literary terms and their definitions. It focuses particularly on the material I most frequently teach (classical and medieval literature, the history of the English language, and science fiction narratives).

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Reading and Literature – A Glossary of Literary Terms 3 Character: One of the people (or animals) in a story. Climax: The high point in the action of a story. Conflict: A problem or struggle between two opposing forces in a story. There are four basic conflicts: • . Literary Terms; Poetry Lesson. Genre is an important word in the English class. We teach different genres of literature such as poetry, short stories, myths, plays, non-fiction, novels, mysteries, and so on. When we speak about a kind of literature we are really speaking about a genre of literature.