How to deal with coercive citation: A case study Journal editors sometimes ask authors to cite a few relevant articles from the journal to increase their citation count. But what if the editor hands over a whole list of irrelevant articles from the same journal and asks the author to cite them?
Read on to find out how to handle such requests How to identify predatory publishers - A Checklist This infographic is a checklist of the criteria that would indicate to authors whether a particular journal is predatory or legitimate. Researchers ought to consider these criteria before submitting their manuscript to a journal This is a conversation with her and the Editage Insights team Misuse of bibliometric analysis shifts scientists' focus from their research to pursuing scores Since David A.
Pendlebury has been a citation analyst at Clarivate Analytics, formerly the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters Transparency in research and reporting: Expanding the effort through new tools for authors and editors Transparency in reporting of research is essential for providing enough information about how the work was performed to allow others to replicate it.
This post takes a view at some new initiatives Scientific tables and graphs can be utilized to represent sizeable numerical or statistical data in a time- and space-effective manner. Readers are often drawn towards tables and figures, because they perceive it as easy-reading, as compared to reading a verbose account of the same content. They rightly assume that these display items will provide them with a larger amount of information in a shorter time span. At the manuscript screening stage, these display items offer reviewers and journal editors a quick overview of the study findings, and once the paper is published, they do the same for readers some of whom look only at these display items and not at the rest of the manuscript 7.
However, tables and figures only add value to the format of a research report, if they are brief yet sufficiently informative. But while well-presented tables and figures in research papers can efficiently capture and present information, poorly crafted tables and figures can confuse readers and impair the effectiveness of a paper.
When to use tables and figures in scientific papers Producing effective tables and figures requires careful planning that begins at the manuscript writing stage itself. How to choose between tables, figures, and text to present data. Best practices for presentation of tables and figures in scientific papers General guidelines: Ensure that display items are self-explanatory: Some readers and certainly reviewers and journal editors turn their attention to the tables and figures before they read the entire text, so these display items should be self-contained.
This defeats the very purpose efficiency and clarity of having a table or figure. Give clear, informative titles: Also ensure that column heads, axis labels, figure labels, etc. Adhere to journal guidelines: Check what your target journal has to say about issues like the number of tables and figures, the style of numbering, titles, image resolution, file formats, etc.
Tables and figures that present repetitive information will impair communication rather than enhance it. Do you have any questions related to scientific writing?
Ask your question now. Watch the extent of data in your tables: If the data you have to present is extensive and would make the tables too cluttered or long, consider making the tables a part of the Appendix or supplemental material. Make sure that all the parts of the figure are clear: Use legends to explain the key message: Use them to draw attention to the central message as well as to explain abbreviations and symbols. Label all important parts: Label the key sections and parts of schematic diagrams and photographs, and all axes, curves, and data sets in graphs and data plots.
Include scale bars in images and maps; specify units wherever quantities are listed; include legends in maps and schematics; and specify latitudes and longitudes on maps.
Examples of well-prepared tables and figures. This section presents one example each of a well-prepared table and a well-designed figure. The column heads are descriptive and clearly indicate the nature of the data presented. The data is divided into categories for clarity. It is self-contained and can be understood quite well even without reference to the entire paper. Superscript letters and notes are used to offer additional, clarifying information. Sufficient spacing is present between columns and rows; the layout is clean; and the font is legible.
Examples of an effective figure graph. The informative title that immediately tells the reader what to expect in the graph. The axes are labeled clearly. The key clearly identifies what each element in the graph stands for. A note at the bottom acknowledges the source. The graph is 2-dimensional, with no clutter.
Council of Science Editors. Journal Style and Format. In Council of Science Editors Eds. Rockefeller University Press, American Psychological Association, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication [Accessed: Aug 8, ] Available from: Journal of General Internal Medicine, ; Respiratory Care, ; 49 Reporting Results in Tables and Figures.
In Guidelines in the Analysis Phase pp. The Importance of Figures and Tables. Effective Tables and Figures. Using Tables and Figures. In Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences pp. American Psychologist, ; 57 Purdue Online Writing Lab. APA Tables and Figures 1. From Submission to Publication: Annals of Emergency Medicine, ; 48 6: Institute of Food Technologists. Informative Presentation of Tables, Graphs and Statistics.
Author Aid Resource Library. Document Design, Figures, and Tables. Marine Ecology Progress Series. The Geological Society of America. View the discussion thread. Editage Insights is a product of Editage, a global provider of world-class scientific communication solutions.
Avoid starting sentences with a number or abbreviation Is it acceptable to use first person pronouns in scientific writing? The correct way to report p values Using "et al. The basics of writing a statement of the problem for your research proposal [Downloadable template] A step guide to make your research paper abstract more effective What is the best way of stating the background of a study?
Tips on effective use of tables and figures in research papers Quick tips on writing titles for tables and figures in scientific papers Choose the best format for presenting your research data: No Content Tips on effective use of tables and figures in research papers Quick tips on writing titles for tables and figures in scientific papers Choose the best format for presenting your research data: Guidelines on using row and column headings.
A guide for early career researchers What is the difference between a research paper and a review paper? A young researcher's guide to a systematic review 5 Differences between a research paper and a review paper [Infographic] A step-by-step guide to creating a journal publication schedule in Download - Journal publication planning template View all in Publication Planning. How do I write an inquiry to the editor about my manuscript's current status?
Presentation software Powerpoint, etc. Instead of messing with small pieces of paper, you can just click a button to get your next prompt.
If using presentation software, use words sparingly, but enough to get your point across. Think in phrases and pictures! Acronyms and abbreviations are okay on the screen, but when you talk, address them fully. And remember to use large fonts -- not everyone's vision is fantastic. Think in terms of conversation. Just because this is paper-based does not mean your delivery should be equivalent to what an 8.
You have personality and are a human engaging with an audience. Use their humanness to do things you might not otherwise do in a paper. It's okay to be a bit repetitive. Emphasizing important ideas will enhance comprehension and recall. When you've gone full circle, cycle back to a previous point to lead your audience to the right conclusion. Minimize the unnecessary details the procedure you had to go through, etc.
You don't want to overload your audience with fluff, forcing them to miss the important stuff. A very boring topic can be made interesting if there is passion behind it. Method 2 Quiz How should the information in your PowerPoint presentation be laid out?
In graphs You're partially right! In phrases You're right, but there's a better answer! All of the above. Practice your presentation in front of friends and family members. Don't be shy -- ask for constructive criticism. This helps you know whether or not you're meeting the time requirements and if not, how you could tweak your style. And once you've recited it 20 times before breakfast, your nervous should be at a minimum.
If you can grab a friend who you think has a similar knowledge level to your audience, all the better. They'll help you see what points are foggier to minds with less expertise on the topic. Alright, so this one is a little much, but if you're really nervous, you may find listening to yourself beneficial. You can see which parts you're nervous about and which parts you have nailed down.
It'll help you to see the flow, too, when you listen back. It'll also help you with volume. Some people get rather timid when in the spotlight. You may not be aware that you're not loud enough! You are allowed to be a person, not just a machine that relays facts. Welcome in your audience and take a few seconds to establish a comfortable atmosphere.
Do the same with your conclusion. Thank everyone for their time and open the floor for any questions, if allowed. Method 3 Quiz Who would be an ideal person to practice your presentation in front of? Someone with experience in the field. Someone who has no experience in the field. Someone with the same knowledge as your audience. Someone with the same knowledge as you in the field. I don't have any confidence in my English speaking.
Can you give me any suggestions? It's okay if you are not confident about your English. Write the whole thing that you are going to present and refer it to your friends who are good at English and ask them to correct the mistakes. After doing this, practice the whole presentation for several times until you get confident. Just make sure that you are not reading the whole thing as it is set forth in the paper.
Use your own words in between the presentation to ensure the clarity of your presentation. Finally, the only way to get confidence in English speaking is to practice a lot. If you are scared about something, then try to do it again and again, so as to reduce your fear. And don't forget that it's okay to be a litter nervous, it helps you to do it properly.
Not Helpful 5 Helpful Practice in front of the mirror. Present your paper in front of your friends and colleagues. Not Helpful 2 Helpful How do I prevent myself from getting nervous about the judges' questions? First, be yourself and be confident that you know the answers.
Then, listen carefully to the question. Then say, "That's a very good question". After that, answer in good and polite way. Not Helpful 10 Helpful The content of my topic is short, but i have to present it for 2 hours. What should I do? Talk about the reverse side of your topic. For example, if you are presenting a paper in favor of the death penalty, talk about those against it. Try to cover all the research and different angles that you can to fill the time. Not Helpful 3 Helpful If I don't understand their questions, then what should I do in front of the judges?
Ask them to clarify their meaning, doing so politely. They can't judge your presentation properly if you don't completely understand what is expected. Not Helpful 9 Helpful Humor can be really helpful if it's incorporated appropriately.
Just make sure your jokes are related to the topic you're dealing with and don't overdo it. There are also countless online presentation softwares, such as Emaze, Piktochart, Prezi, and Powtoon. Not Helpful 4 Helpful Just pick a topic you like and are either knowledgeable about or want to learn. I'm from Cambodia, I had confidence when I did presentations in my native language, but when I present in English I'm really nervous. How should I build my presentation skills in English?
It's easy for you to speak your native language because you've been doing it all your life. The more you practice your English skills, the more confident you will be. Also, ask any friends that are more confident in English to check over your work. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 6. First choose the main points from your topic and give a brief explanation about them.
You can use different images or diagrams to explain the slides clearly. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 3. I am going to do my first Power point presentation.
What is the best way to learn more about my topic? Answer this question Flag as I don't know anything about paper presentation. So please give some ideas or sample paper presentation? HI,am new to this paper presentation. I like to present my paper in English subject but I'm a bit confused and nervous about how to choose the topic?
How does a paper presentation look like? How can I make a beautiful and an attractive presentation using chart paper? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
Quick Summary To prepare a paper presentation, create an outline of your content, then write your script on note cards or slides using software like PowerPoint. Did this summary help you?
How to Present a Research Paper in 5 minutes In the video, the 5 minute presentation covers the following important topics about a research paper: What’s the problem the paper tries to address and why is the problem important?
In research paper presentation, you are going to discuss everything that you have done and achieved during your research in limited time. Read: Best Presentation Gadgets for Public Speakers. There is a specific outline that.
8 Tips for presenting a paper at an academic conference; Can we present a research paper in a symposium based on our published research work? 8 Tips for presenting a paper at an academic conference. Kakoli Majumder | Oct 12, | 98, views. Save to read later. Read the paper ahead of time, and decide what you think of the ideas presented in the paper. (Here are some tips on how to read a research paper.) Next, determine what you think is the central fallacy or bad idea (or a small cluster of related ideas) in the paper.
In some classes, writing the research paper is only part of what is required. Your professor may also require you to give an oral presentation about your study. Here are some things to think about before you are scheduled to give a presentation. Aug 08, · I like to present my paper in English subject but I'm a bit confused and nervous about how to choose the topic? To prepare a paper presentation, create an outline of your content, then write your script on note cards or slides using software like PowerPoint. Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. How to. Write a Seminar Paper. How to 84%(28).