Art is not pleasure, but a means of union among men, joining them together in the same feelings, and indispensable for life and progress towards well-being of individuals and of humanity. Thanks to his capacity to express thoughts by words, every man may know the debt he owes to the past, and be able to hand on what he has acheived to future generations.
If humans lacked this capacity, we would be like wild beasts, and if people lacked this capacity for being infected by art, people might be more savage still, and more separated from one another. This special importance has always been given to that part of art which transmits feelings flowing from religious perception.
This was how Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle looked on art, and how all the great religious teachers understood it. Plato was so convinced of the power of art, that he suggested that artists should be banned from his ideal republic. Yet that is a less harmful attitude than the attitude in our European society today, where art is regarded as a good thing only if it affords pleasure. How has our society come down to this?
Humanity unceasingly moves forward from a lower, more partial view of life to a higher and broader view. Religions are the exponents of the highest comprehension of life accessible to the best and foremost people at a given time. Later the rest of society follows their lead. Therefore religions have always served as bases for the valuation of human semtiments.
If feelings bring men nearer the ideal their religion indicates, they are good, if they oppose it, they are bad. Thus in the case of the Greeks, if the religion places the meaning of life in earthly happiness, in beauty and strength, then art transmitting the joy and energy of life would be considered good, but art transmitting despondency would be bad.
If the meaning of life is seen in freeing oneself from the yoke of animalism, as in Buddhism, then art which elevates the soul and humbles the flesh is good, whereas art exalting bodily passions would be bad. But art in our society has been so perverted that not only has bad art come to be considered good, but even the very perception of what art really is, has been lost.
In order to find out why, we must distinguish art from counterfeit art. Real art must be infectious — the receiver of a true artistic impression is so united to the artist that he feels as though the work were his own — as if what it expresses was what he had been longing to express. A real work of art destroys the separation between himself and the artist, and even between himself and all those others who also appreciate this art.
In this freeing of our personality from its isolation, and uniting it with others, lies the great attractive force of art. Not only is infection a sure sign of art, but the degree of infectiousness is the sole measure of excellence in art. This depends on three things: The individuality of the feeling transmitted.
The sincerity of the artist — ie, the the degree of force with which the artist feels the emotion he transmits. If the viewer feels that the artist works for himself, he is affected, but if he feels that the artist is not infected, but is trying to influence him, the viewer feels a resistance, and is repelled instead. All can be summed up in a word — sincerity. The artist should be impelled by an inner need to express his feeling.
Now, just as the evolution of knowledge proceeds by truer and more necessary knowledge displacing previous knowledge, so the evolution of feeling proceeds through art — feelings more kind and needful to humanity replace the older feelings.
That is the purpose of art. In every age there exists an understanding of the meaning of life which represents the highest level which has been attained. If it appears that in our Society there is no religious perception, this is not because there is none, but because we do not want to see it.
And often this is because it exposes the fact that our life is inconsistent with that religious perception. In our times religion is regarded as a superstition which humanity has outgrown, and yet if humanity is to progress there must be a guide to the direction of that movement. Religions have always furnished that guide throughout history. So there must be some form of religious perception today — and in its widest and most practical application, it is the consciousness that or well-being — materially and spiritually — lies in the growth of brotherhood among men — in their loving harmony with one another.
The chief mistake made by the people of the upper classes at the time of the Renaissance was that they set up in place of religious art, an art which aimed only at giving pleasure. It is said that the great evil is not that we do not know God, but that we make a god of something lower. Instead of art which feeds the spirit, an empty and often vicious art is set up, which hides from us our need for true art.
And true art for our time would demand the union of all people without exception — above all virtues it sets brotherly love to all men. Hegel on the Philosophy of Fine Art. Art can serve many puposes, and even be a pastime, but we want to examine the kind of art that is free in its aim and means.
This is the only true art. Its highest function is only served when it has established itself in a sphere which it shares with religion and philosophy, becoming thereby a mode and form through which the Divine, the profoundest interests of mankind, and spiritual truths of the widest range, are brought home to consciousness and expressed.
It is in works of art that nations have deposited the richest ideas they possess, and often art serves as a key of interpretation to the wisdom and understanding of peoples. Philosophy and religion also do this, but art appeals to the senses and is nearer to Nature and to our sensitive and emotional life. Art is the primary bond of mediation between the external world of the senses and the medium of pure thought and understanding.
It could be objected that art was unworthy, being of the world of appearances and its deceptions. But in the world of Nature appearance is essential to reality. There could be no such thing as truth if it did not actually appear for some person. And appearance in Nature itself is deceptive. It is only beyond the appearance of everyday life that we shall discover reality in any true sense.
At least art does not pretend to be reality, whereas Nature, pretending to be the only reality,is more deceptive. A work of art is not produced by Nature; it is brought into being by the agency of man. It is created essentially for man, and it is addressed to his senses 3. The essential point to maintain is that although talent and genius imply natural power, yet it is indispensable that.
A work of art possesses a purely technical side — that of craft. This is most obvious in architecture and sculpture, less so in painting and music, least in poetry. Added to this the more exalted the rank of the artist the more profoundly he ought to portray depths of soul and mind. Study is the means by which the artist brings to consciousness such a content. Is art inferior to Nature? Art originates in the human spirit, it has received the baptism of the human mind and soul of man.
The spiritual values are seized in the work of art and emphasized with greater purity and clarity than is possible in ordinary reality, therefore the work of art is greater.
Man is a thinking consciousness; he makes explicit to himself all that exists. He has a need to bring himself in his own inner life to consciousness. He needs to assert himself in that which is presented him in immediacy, external to himself, and by doing so at the same time to recognize himself therein.
This purpose he achieves by the alteration he effects in external objects, upon which he imprints the seal of his inner life. He does this in order that he may divest the world of its alienation from himself.
A boy throws stones into a stream, and then looks with wonder at the circles which follow in the water, seeing there something of hs own doing. This need runs through everything up to the level of art. Man satisfies his spirit by making explicit to his inner life all that exists, as well as further giving a realized external embodiment to the self thus made explicit.
And by this reduplication of what is his own he places before the vision and within the cognition of himself and others what is within him. Writers have asked what feelings art ought to excite. But feelings are subjective and passing, although powerful at the time, which is why people are so proud of having emotions.
The trouble is that they do not attempt to study their emotions, which would help by creating thereby a distance from them. Art can give this distance, because by depicting emotions, it helps the onlooker towards the study of his own emotions. Is art there to excite a feeling for beauty? To appreciate beauty people have cultivated taste, but taste is superficial, and cannot grasp the real profoundity of art. Art scholarship is too often concerned only with externals. Finally, the summary of the essay is your last attempt to appeal to the reader and stress the points you made in your writing.
The essay of words usually contains two - three brief quotes. You should indent direct quotations and enclose them in quotation marks [" "]. Add the footnote at the end of the quote. Avoid overcrowding your essay with fuzzy ill-informed generalities, like "art is eternal".
Be careful with art historical terms such as Impressionism, Realism or Postmodernism. When you capitalize them, you emphasize their art historical meaning. Leave out all the slang and colloquial phrases.
However, when you introduce the painter, use the full name. Such style concerns not very famous artists and the namesakes to tell one from another. Italicize or write in bold the titles of paintings you talk about in your essay.
Don't fail to identify the definite work by adding location or collection and date. Mentioning the date is the minimum requirement.
What is Art? essaysArt has been a part of our life for as long as humanity has existed. For thousands of years people have been creating, looking at, criticizing, and enjoying art. I would like to address three questions: what is art, what is its purpose, and why has it survived for this long.
Database of FREE arts essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample arts essays! Fair Use Policy; Help Centre; Notifications. Depictions of Paranoia in Art Exhibitions. An essay relating a text from Art in Theory (ed. Harrison and Wood) to a current exhibition or work of art located in United Kingdom.
On starting my essay I looked up the definition of Fine art, the term is used to distinguish the variation of creative art forms, developed by humans. Some of the many concepts which fall under this category are painting, drawing, calligraphy, sculpture etc. Free Essay: Art is a form of human expression. Art can be seen as the artist sleight of hand on his mood. Art is in various media from posters to public wall.
Art Essay Start your work on the art essay by choosing a subject related to your studio preferences. When you write about art the spotlight of your analysis is the original art objects and exhibitions. What is art? Many people argue over the answer to this question. There are several different interpretations as to what is considered to be a work of art. There are also many different types of artwork. Some believe that anything and everything in the world is art, while others believe that it /5(10).